Vietnam is a small but beautiful country in the easternmost coast of the Indochina peninsula. You might know about Vietnam via Vietnam war, but where is Vietnam and how is Vietnam today are things you need to find out.
Halong Bay, Vietnam
History of Vietnam
Vietnam is a rich cultural country throughout 4000 years of history dating back the era of Hung Kings. The first territory of Vietnam was in the region of northern Vietnam with the center of civilization in the Red River Delta. The entire region was dominated by China dynasties from 111 BC and ended in 938 AD after the victory of Bach Dang battle. Vietnam entered into the independent feudal period after the First Le dynasty was formed. During nearly 10 centuries under the rule of the feudal dynasties, the territory of Vietnam has continuously expanded into the south. In the 17 century, Vietnam was divided into two kingdoms, the north was ruled by the Trinh family, and the south was the land of the Nguyen family. Then, Vietnam continued to go through a long civil war time before a descendant of the Nguyen family defeated Tay Son dynasty and reunited the country in 1802.
In the half end of the 19th century, Vietnam became the colony of France and was briefly conquered by Japan during the World War 2. In 1945, Ho Chi Minh- the great leader of Vietnam nation declared the country’s independence. France secondly invaded the country and fired to the First Indochina War. This war just ended when the Viet Minh defeated France in Dien Bien Phu battle in 1954.
Vietnam again was divided into two parts with the Communist North and the non-Communist South. According to the Geneva Agreement, two parts of the country would be reunited after 2 years based on a free general election. However, the American troops bumped into the south, broke the rule and fired for the Vietnam War. In 1957, a communist group from South Vietnam called Viet Cong emerged, and fought against the south government which was the puppet of America. In 1975, the war ended after the victory of the general uprising spring of 1975. Vietnam finally became an independent country under the leading of the single-party socialist republic of Vietnam. From then, Vietnam has stepped into the stable peace and era of development.
Vietnam is located on the eastern coast of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. Vietnam is the fourth largest country among 11 countries in the area, it is adjacent to China in the north, and Laos and Cambodia in the west. The total eastern part of the country faces to the South China Sea with over 3000 km of coastline.
Over a half of Vietnam territory consists of mountains and hills, while the delta regions are located around the mouth of the big rivers, the two largest river deltas in the country are Red River Delta in the north and Mekong River Delta in the south which are also the rice bowls of the country.
Spring road in northern Vietnam
Vietnam is a large common homeland of 54 ethnic groups, whereas, the Viet people exceed 80% of total population, most of them live in the big cities and river deltas, the other groups settle in the rural mountainous regions. Each ethnic group has its own culture and tradition, so Vietnam is a country of multi-cultures with many unique and special customs and practices. There are a thousand festivals celebrated in Vietnam throughout the year reflecting the spiritual and cultural life of Vietnamese people.
Vietnam is on top attractive destinations in Asia welcoming an average of over 6 million international tourists each year. Vietnam proudly owns a wide range of tourist destinations, archaeological sites, historic cities, beautiful beaches, and amazing culture. In fact, Vietnam has a total of 32 national parks, 7 UNESCO Heritage Sites, and 21 national tourist areas. Besides the natural attractions, there are hundred historical sites scattering around the country, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city are two big cities having plenty of museums and cultural sites for tourists to explore and visit.
In the north, Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam with over 1000 years of history. This city is famous for offering modern comforts as well as cultural and historic sites such as Thanh Long Citadel, Hanoi Literature Temple, Hoan Kiem Lake, Ho Chi Minh mausoleum, and Hanoi Old Quarter, as well as meaningful museums, etc.
In the central, as a former capital of Vietnam, Hue is also a World Heritage Site recognized by UNESCO with ruins and historic structures of the last Vietnam feudal dynasty. It is a great destination for those who want to learn deeper Vietnam culture and explore the beauty of Vietnam traditional architecture. You should visit the Royal Citadel in the center of the city, this relic consists of a complex of palaces, walls, gates, and ornate temples. Near this site, you can find Thien Mu Pagoda which is an iconic structure featuring 7 stories with the beautiful view overlooking the Perfume River.
In the south, Ho Chi Minh City is the biggest city of Vietnam which plays an important role in culture and economy of the country. There are many skyscrapers in the city representing for its young and dynamic. Besides that, the city is home to a lot of museums and historical relics where you can learn Vietnam history in the period of the Vietnam war such as Cu Chi tunnel, etc.
Vietnam has many famous tourist cities such as Halong, Danang, Dalat, Nha Trang, etc. Halong Bay is one of new seven natural wonders of the world consisting of over 2000 small islets which are topped by thick jungles, filled with caves to explore. Coming to this site, you must choose to hop up a Halong Bay boat cruise to witness the gorgeous beauty of the bay.
A beautiful beach in Nha Trang
Vietnam nowadays is one of the fastest growing countries in the world. Let’s book a Vietnam tour package to see the magical changes of this beautiful country. Asia package travel will gladly be with you during your Vietnam trip, we promise to offer you the best tour at the good rate. If you need further information about Vietnam’s destinations, please contact us! Thank you!